The Exfoliate is the main ingredient in a body scrub.
Exfoliates are definitely coarse materials and differ in structure, size & origin.
When the skin is rubbed, they remove the dead skin cells on the top.
There are many kinds of exfoliates such as sugar, sea salt, rice bran, several fruits, coffee, etc.
Exfoliating is the process of removing dead skin cells from the surface of your skin using a chemical, granular substance, or exfoliation tool.
Your skin naturally sheds dead skin cells to make room for new cells every 30 days or so.
Sometimes, dead cells don’t shed completely. This can result in dry, flaky patches and clogged pores. Exfoliating can help prevent this.
Any exfoliating product or method that requires manual scrubbing or rubbing falls is known as a physical exfoliate. You may already be using a physical exfoliate — cleansing scrubs, body brushes, and loofahs are all common methods. The biggest advantage to physical exfoliation is the ease of access. You can do this at home with as little as a muslin washcloth or a do-it-yourself (DIY) scrub. It also offers immediate results.
If performed incorrectly, physical exfoliation can sometimes irritate your skin and may result in transepidermal water loss. Following up with a humectant oil or serum can help minimize irritation and lock in moisture.
Detailed benefits of Exfoliating
Firstly, when you're exfoliating your skin, you're effectively unclogging your pores. Sweeping away that dead and dry skin, along with all the other surface debris that might remain on your skin after cleansing, stops it from making its way into your pores and causing stubborn stoppages in the form of whiteheads and blackheads. These are two skin issues that are insanely difficult to get rid of (people with blackheads know what's up), which is why exfoliating is so important. It stops them before they even have a chance to appear. "Dead skin seals the pores, so when sebaceous glands produce oil, it's 'stuck' under the dry skin. This causes breakouts because there is nowhere for the oil to go.
Just like how unclogging your pores prevents whiteheads and blackheads, it also prevents other blemishes—namely acne. Exfoliating helps to unclog pores, therefore reducing acne. A physical exfoliate (something that contains beads or small grains) can be used once or twice a week. Listen to your skin. If it is ever sensitive or red after exfoliating, reduce your frequency."
Since pores are unclogged and the surface of the skin is smoothed and rid of any dead or dry skin, your other skincare products are able to penetrate more deeply. Exfoliation helps serums, moisturizers, and growth factors penetrate deeper into the skin. When something that's rich in nourishing ingredients penetrates deeper, it's able to work more effectively. That's why exfoliation should always be included in your skincare routine, so your expensive moisturizers and serums can work their magic.
People with dark spots, rough texture, hyper pigmentation, and acne scars know how frustrating they can be to treat. Exfoliates break down dry and dead skin while smoothing texture, which means the skin appears to look more uniform over time. Exfoliation has many benefits, including stimulation of lymphatic drainage for internal cleansing and stimulation of oxygen-rich blood to feed and nourish the skin's surface. The former is a form of skin detoxification, working to remove toxins and other unhealthy debris. The latter boosts cellular health to reveal glowy, radiant skin.
Aside from increased circulation, exfoliation also boosts the skin's radiance in another way. It helps cell turnover so the skin looks more glowing. This means that the skin keeps fresh, healthy cells at the surface, removing dead, dry, or dying ones. In terms of appearance, this results in that ultra-dewy and baby-faced complexion we all strive for. An at home peel is a great way to speed up that cell turn over.
Finally, regular exfoliation helps to stimulate collagen synthesis to improve the skin's texture, integrity, and keep the skin looking plump, tight, and young. In this way, exfoliating actually offers anti-aging benefits, which might be why so many people swear that it helps lessen the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.